Health, Safety and Helping

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After a disaster consider safety issues and monitor your family health and well-being. If prepared, administer first aid to the injured

Recovering from disaster is usually a gradual process. Safety is a primary issue, mental and physical well-being of all victims is a priority.
Always when possible know in advance how to access assistance and medical help, it will make the process of seeking assistance faster and less stressful.


Be aware of safety issues caused by the disaster. Watch for:

- Washed out roads
- Contaminated buildings
- Contaminated water
- Gas leaks
- Broken glass
- Damaged electrical wiring
- Slippery floors
- Buildings in risk of collapse
- Fire hazards

Inform Disaster Response Teams and local authorities about health and safety issues, including:

- Chemical spills
- Downed power lines
- Washed out roads
- Smoldering insulation
- Buildings risking collapse
- Casualties
- Dead animals

Monitor your health

1. Be aware of exhaustion.
2. Don't try to do too much at once.
3. Set priorities and pace yourself.
4. Get enough rest.
5. Drink plenty of clean water.
6. Eat well.
7. Wear sturdy work boots and gloves.
7. Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and clean water often when working in debris.

Helping others

There are many ways you can help others. If you don't know first aid to a reasonable level, make the injured know that help is on the way and request assistance for them. If you know and are prepared in first aid, help the injured first and then locate medical assistance.


- When checking for injuries do not attempt to move seriously injured persons unless they are in immediate danger of death or further injury.
- If you must move an unconscious person, first stabilize the neck and back, then call for help immediately.
- If the victim is not breathing, carefully position the victim for artificial respiration, clear the airway and commence mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.
- Maintain body temperature with blankets. Be sure the victim does not become overheated.
- Never try to feed liquids to an unconscious person.

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